If you have seen on the TV the guy at the top with the white wig and a wooden hammer? that is the Judge. A judge is a highly trained legal professional who is appointed to hear cases in a court of law. Different types of judge hear and try both civil and criminal cases.
Depending on the court she’s presiding over, the judge may be joined by another judge or a jury (see next section) or sit on her own.
A judge is there to apply the law, and in some cases, the outcome of the trial may set legal precedents that must be followed by other legal professionals.
In Scotland, the Sheriffs Courts are the workhorses of the legal system and the judges are called sheriffs. They can hear and try a wide range of civil and criminal cases. The most senior judge is called Sheriff Principal.