The Youth Courts deal with young people between the ages of 10 to 17 who have committed criminal offences under UK Law.
Children under 10 aren’t old enough to be charged with criminal offences. The Youth Court is part of the Magistrates’ Court. The young person can be sent to the Crown Court for trial if the offence is very serious.
Youth Courts – The County or High Court handles matters concerning children during a divorce.
If a local authority is taking a child into care, it usually applies to the Family Proceedings Court, which is part of the Magistrates Court.
Youth Courts – In Scotland, Children’s Hearings deal with young offenders who are under 16, as well as cases that relate to care and protection.
The Procurator Fiscal can decide whether the case is serious enough to go to the criminal court.
A Children’s Hearing panel can order a child to be taken into care or foster care, take part in a particular programme, have regular contact with a social worker, and appoint a representative to attend the hearing with the child to protect his rights.